Environmental Public Hearing

  • Environment Public Hearing 

Gujarat as a state is well-known for being numero uno in Industrialization. Policies, Practices and the undercurrent of entrepreneurship supports the State’s various mechanisms that are channelized towards Industry. Bearing this in mind, it is our experiences with the implementation of the EIA Notification and the EPH process that shall be highlighted here. The term Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) refers to the anticipation of various impacts a project will have on the environment and the local community. It is a decision making tool, which guides decision makers in taking appropriate decisions prior to sanctioning clearance. The EIA Notification falls within the umbrella act – The Environment Protection Act, 1986 .

  • EIA in India

In 1984 the nation was shocked by the gas leak tragedy in Bhopal, known to be the worst industrial disaster recorded in history. Till 1994, environmental clearance from the Union government was an administrative decision and lacked legislative support. A stunned Indian government then set up the EPA under which a notification was passed in 1994 to make EIA mandatory for certain projects. On 27 January 1994, the MoEF, under the EPA 1986, promulgated the EIA notification making environmental clearance mandatory for expansion or modernization of any activity or for setting up new projects.
Later, in September 2006, a new EIA notification was passed, which decentralized the environmental clearance process (so that some projects now need central clearance from MoEF, and some need clearance at the state level. According to this notification, the environmental clearance process for new and expansion projects will comprise a maximum of four stages, all of which may not be applicable to all projects. These are
(1) Screening
(2) Scoping
(3) Public consultation and
(4) Appraisal.
The EIA process makes some level of intervention by stakeholders possible where comes in our role. However in the EIA process, the public hearing (or public consultation) stage is the only stage where there is some scope for intervention by local communities. The new notification has excluded NGOs (unless locally situated) from being stakeholders at all Environment Public Hearings. This was a deliberate move by the Government, as it was often seen that NGOs would raise relevant enviro-technical questions and expose the fraudulent data provided in the EIA Reports. While the locally affected people (usually villagers and farmers) are unaware of these complex issues, therefore a language and educational barrier serves the purpose of the project proponent. Nevertheless – Public consultation now consists of two steps:
1. The EPH and,
2. Written presentations/comments from all plausible stakeholders other than locally affected people.

  • Environment Public Hearing

It is a mandatory step in the process of environmental clearance for Category “A” and “B1” listed projects in the Schedule of the EIA Notification, 2006. This provides a legal space for people of an area to come face-to-face with the project proponent in the presence of regulatory bodies and express their concerns. The process of public hearing is conducted once the Draft EIA report is completed by the project proponent. The Member-Secretary of the concerned Pollution Control Board (PCB) shall finalize the date, time and exact venue of public hearing within 7(seven) days of the date of receipt of the draft environmental impact assessment report. The District Collector is the Chairperson of the EPH committee. The committee hears the objections/suggestions from the public and concerns expressed shall be recorded by the representative of the PCB, the minutes of hearing shall be signed by the district magistrate or his or her representative on the same day and forwarded to the PCB concerned.

Gujarat – Minutes & Schedule of Environmnet Public Hearing


Environment Public Hearing – 2015

You can access detail of upcoming EPH from above mentioned link – below is detail about EPH going to organize in month of October. You can read draft EIA report and executive summary by clicking on project name.

Name of Project M/s. Janvi Chemicals,
at Plot No. D-2/CH-105, GIDC, Dahej-2, Village: Dahej, Ta. Vagra, Dist. Bharuch.
Venue of EPHat Project site of M/s. Janvi Chemicals, at Plot No. D-2/CH-105, GIDC, Dahej-2, Village: Dahej, Ta. Vagra, Dist. Bharuch Dist. Bharuch. Date & Time07/10/2015
at 11:00 hrs
M/s. Sachin Udhyognagar Sahakari Mandli Limited.,
at Block No. C-11, C-13, C-15, & C-24 (Sub part 28 to 35), Hojiwala Industrial Estate, Village: Sachin, Ta. Choryasi, Dist. Surat.
at Hojiwala Shopping Center Hall, Sachin Udhyognagar Sahakari Mandali Limited (Hojiwala Industrial Estate), Near Gate No.2, Sachin – Palsana Highway, Village: Sachin, Ta. Choryasi, Dist. Surat. 09/10/2015
at 11:00 hrs
M/s. Atul Ltd.,
at Survey No. 274, 275 & 276, At & Post : Atul, Ta. Valsad, Dist. Valsad.
at Gram Panchayat Hall, At: Atul, Ta & Dist. Valsad. 09/10/2015
at 11:00 hrs
M/s. Karan Intermediates Private Limited., 
at Survey No. 455 & 456, Village: Neja, Ta: Khambhat, Dist. Anand.
near project site, Shree Dahyabhai Hargovindas Rao Sanskrutik Bhavan, Shastri Baug, Opposite: Madla Talav, Village: Khambhat,Ta: Khambhat, Dist: Anand. 14/10/2015
at 11:00 hrs
Gujarat Maritime Board 
at, Alang (C.T.), Village: Alang-Sosiya & Mathavda, Ta: Talaja, Dist: Bhavnagar.
at Gujarat Maritime Board, Training & Welfare Complex, Village: Alang, Ta: Talaja Dist: Bhavnagar. 20/10/2015
at 11:00 hrs

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